Indonesia is in progress of accomplishing its international commitment to have twenty million hectares of marine protected areas (MPA) by 2020. Many new MPAs are now developed every year since 2003, but their management status is struggling in implementation. Aquatic Recreation Park (ARP) of Gili Matra, District of Lombok Utara, used to be an example of the best practise of effective MPA management when it was under authority of the Ministry of Forestry. Its management was handed over to the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Affairs in 2009. Since then its former management plan was stopped but newly management plan has difficulties in implementation. This challenges provide many opportunities to learn factors inhibiting implementation of the new management plan. Institutional issue is the most challenging issue as its revision needs to be adopted on future legislation and governance. The current management body of the ARP Gili Matra is not sufficient to accomplish its big responsibility, i.e managing one of the fastest growing tourist destination area in Indonesia. Changes of local authority in land-based management also affected ARP Gili Matra with uncontrolled number of boats and accommodations beyond environmental capacity of the ARP Gili Matra.
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