Global studies show that women and men interact with marine and coastal resource directly in different ways. This encourages both gender, women and men, to participate more actively in coastal and marine resource management. This study assesses the participation of women in coastal and marine protected area management in Indonesia by assessing the perception of management authority in encouraging both gender women and men participation. The data gathered through questioner to management authority of coastal and marine protected areas in 2014. There were 24 protected areas in Indonesia involved in this study, especially the district managed protected areas in western and eastern Indonesia. The study found the perception of authority in encouraging both gender women and men participation in protected area management that both gender including women should be involved. By contract, the study revealed that women were less participated in protected areas management although they conducted activities in and around the protected areas. This study shows the perception of authority and policy should be translated in practical manner to be implemented in order to gather gender equality and encourage women participation in coastal and marine protected areas management.
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