Technical Extension and Assistance on SDS SEA Implementation Program in Jor Bay - East Lombok Regency focusing on enhancing the implementation of sustainable fisheries management/EAFM and demonstrating how ICM framework and processes can enhance alternative livelihood
Based on the MOA between PKSPL IPB University as PNLC member, PEMSEA, and MoEF as National focal Point has continuously supported The East Lombok Regency. in terms of as one of the ICM Learning Sites PEMSEA in Indonesia, focusing on demonstrating how ICM framework and processes can enhance sustainable fisheries management/EAF and alternative livelihood during period of October 2017 to December 2020 in East Lombok Regency.
The objectives of this activity are as follows: (i) To initiate local capacity development initiatives to support ICM and Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) development and implementation; (ii) strengthen the coordinating mechanism for ICM and EAFM in East Lombok, including an inter-agency coordinating mechanism, a platform for collaborative planning and implementation, and a mechanism for monitoring, evaluation and reporting of outputs, outcomes, impacts and benefits of ICM implementation; (iii) To collect and consolidate baseline data/information and conduct risk and vulnerability assessment in priority sites in Jor Bay, and prepare a State of the Coast baseline report for East Lombok Regency; and (iv) To provide technical guidance in updating the fisheries management/EAFM plan in Jor Bay and developing sustainable alternative livelihood in priority sites.
Considering achievements and needs in implementing the EAFM plan for Jor Bay on October 2017 to December 2020, the following project targets were identified for East Lombok Regency are as follows:
- Strengthening governance’s mechanisms for ICM implementation at the local government level in order to enhance effectiveness of EAFM implementation in Jor Bay.
- Sustainable fisheries management plan developed in order to adopted and initiated in Jor Bay
- Improved fisheries production (CPUE; size and composition of fish catch) & increase in the CPUE of important fish species in Jor Bay) to the significance of 10%.
- Increase the household income in fishers’ households sustaining functional alternative livelihood programs at least 25%.
To achieved the objective, some of the technical assistance given by PKSPL IPB University to the East Lombok Regency are as follows:
- Study on Risk Vulnerability Assessment (RVA) - Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management and Updating EAFM action Plan.
- Training on Ecosystem Approach Fisheries Management.
- Training on Integrated Coastal Management.
- Support for Development of Sustainable Alternative Livelihood.
- Study on baseline SOC East Lombok Regency.
- Technical assistance SDS SEA Implementation activities funding by The East Lombok Regency.
Based on RV/A identification, some recommended actions need to be conducted are as follows:
- The need for institutional strengthening of the Teluk Jor Awik-Awik Institute (LPATJ) 21through zoning for each fishery business. Thus, existing Awik-Awik rules adjust to the zoning system.
- Building partnerships in the financing system for fisheries to increase production capacity, so that the capital loaned by the capital owners is mutually beneficial.
- The need for intensive and periodic mentoring and training according to the needs of local fishery communities to improve the capacity of human resource managers who care about environmental sustainability and business sustainability.
- Equitable assistance to fishery business facilities is accompanied by the increased capacity of assistance recipients so that the facilities and the provided infrastructure can be used optimally
Based on that recommendation, some activity as priority actions have been implemented. Some of them are as follows:
1. Identification of groups of community based on their main livelihood.
The groups of local fishermen/farmer community were identified as presented at the following table. The groups are consist of (1) capture fisheries and aquaculture (2) fisheries processing people (3) agriculture and animal husbandry and (4) tourism and other income generating activities.
Identification of groups of community based on their types of livelihood income was an important pace to be able to determine further extension which can be conducted. The extension is aimed to improve their capacity in financial management and technical capacity related to their main livelihood income.
2. Adoption of ICM Program Coordinating Mechanism of East Lombok Regency
A very strategic program in the implementation of ICM Programs in East Lombok Regency is the establishment of ICM Coordinating Mechanism in East Lombok Regency by the Regent of East Lombok. The adoption was carried out in the form of a Regent's Decision on the Establishment of the PCC/PMO of ICM Coordinating Mechanism in East Lombok Regency.
3. The Jor Bay Habitat Restoration and Management
The management of mangrove and coral reef areas in Jor Bay Area is very important. This is because they are as a source of fish spawning areas and nursery ground for fish larvae. Activities are in the form of mangrove conservation training and utilization of products /fruits from mangroves for drinks and food. In addition, the fishing community is also given training on mangrove rehabilitation.
Mangrove ecosystem rehabilitation in Jor Bay
4. The gender role improvement program
This program is in line with the government's program, namely food self-reliance. As a fishing community, it is natural that they are close to the source of healthy protein that is fish. Food sources other than protein are carbohydrates and these are obtained from rice. The main people, especially the wives of fishermen, receive training on various fishery product processing activities that can eventually increase the family income.
5. Regular Meeting on EAFM Plan
The EAFM plan has been implemented gradually and under the coordination of the East Lombok Fisheries and Marine Service. The stakeholders involved are all fishermen both farmers and fishing fishermen, fish traders, fish processer, village officers in Jor Bay Area and the community.
Regular Meeting on EAFM Plan
The SDS SEA PEMSEA Program in East Lombok Regency has been running since 2017 until December 2020 and is planned to keep on continue even without technically assistance by the PEMSEA. The targets and indicators associated with the SDS SEA PEMSEA program in East Lombok Regency are as follows:
1. EAFM Plan has been established and implemented in Jor Bay
The EAFM Plan has been organized and implemented in the Jor Bay fishing area. Various fisheries activities and management of fishing activities have been carried out. Another thing that has been done is the conservation management of mangrove ecosystems and coral reefs in Jor Bay.
The main manager is the Jor Bay Fishermen's Group trough Jor Bay Area Awig-awig Institution (LPATJ) under the guidance of the Marine Fisheries Service of NTB Province and East Lombok Regency. Activities are carried out not only in the form of fishing and cultivation but also in the coaching of fishermen's wives and processing of fishery products.
2. Around 10% of the fishermen family benefited from the livelihood programs
The activities carried out must be able to provide real benefits to the community, in this case the fishermen community Jor Bay. Some indicators would be achieved :
- Jor Bay is a source of livelihood for the local community, mainly the fishing businesses as 90% of the population in the two villages are fishery entrepreneurs in the fields of fishers, salt farmers, fish farmers, processors, and fishery products marketing. All of them are involved in the program of EAFM at Jor Bay.
- The sustainability of fisheries is influenced by environmentally friendly fishing and fish farming practices. The business of capture fishery and cultivation refers to local community-based rules (awik-awik Jor Bay). However, the management of fish capture and cultivation businesses has not applied to the zoning system so that it has the potential to cause conflict and damage the fish resources.
Some improvement need to be continuously conducted in Jor Bay are as follows :
- The implementation of Law 23 of 2014, where currently the territorial waters of the sea are managed by the province, which has an impact on the existence and implementation of district-based government programs.
- The utilization of Jor Bay area for marine aquaculture activities (floating net cages) currently dominates without considering and considering the carrying capacity and carrying capacity of the environment, this condition also affects capture fisheries activities on site.
- Function conversion and/or conversion of mangrove ecosystem areas into ponds The internalization of the EAFM in the official program or related stakeholders is not yet optimal and sustainable
- Related to the implementation of Law 23 of 2014, where the authorization of marine area is under the provincial government, the implementation of Jor Bay’s EAFM Plan will be involving the provincial government of West Nusa Tenggara. To ensure the success implementation of this Jor Bay’s EAFM, the important first step is to include the EAFM of Jor Bay and officially acknowledged by the provincial of NTB fisheries plan. Related to that, the crucial step to be done is by ensuring the management of the Jor Bay area management is accommodated in the RZWP3K Document in accordance with the fisheries management plans and plans that have been previously determined.
- Calculation of the carrying capacity and capacity of the Mariculture area which is currently developing in the Jor Bay region which is translated into the regulation of the regulation of marine aquaculture activities.
- Law enforcement and enforcement of areas related to control, conversion and/or conversion of mangrove ecosystem areas into ponds
- Cross-sector coordination and collaboration and across management authority (district/province/central) related to program planning, programs and their implementation in the Jor Bay region.